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essay应该怎么写?各种essay的标准写法详解

时间:2012-04-20 09:37来源:essay应该怎么写 编辑:essay应该怎么写 点击:
核心提示:essay应该怎么写?告诉您各种essay的标准写法- essay里一定不能有私人用语-essay里的段落一定要有顺序-essay 里不能写缩写字

essay应该怎么写
永利国际娱乐注册送56 1, 在essay 里,你不能用第一人称,比如:I,me,mine,my(我)这些你要是一用,就是扣分。
2, we(大家)这只有在指很大一个数不清的集体的时候可以用,比如 :our humans 大家人类,这样的可以用。要是只是指你和你朋友大家,那样的话不行。
3, essay里一定不能有私人用语,比如 stuff 东西,这种说法感觉太私人。
4, essay 里的语句一定要很肯定,不能含糊,比如:she is like friendly towards him. 她好像对他很友好。 句子用了 ‘好像’,这就是不肯定。
5,essay里的段落一定要有顺序,每个段落里都要先有开头句topic sentence(一个话题),然后支撑句 support sentence, 结合句 linking sentence,总结局 conclusion
6,段落里一定要赞成主题的题目,不能跑题
7,essay 里不能写缩写字,比如 cause,because 的缩写,不能有


Agreement: 主语和谓语在人称、数上的一致,关系代词与先行词的一致。
Ambiguity: 尽量不去使用可能引起歧义的词语或句子。
Brief: 文章"简为贵",要抓住要点,简明扼要。
Coherence: 文理通顺,前后连贯。
Development: 主题的发挥应当充分、合理、正确。
Division: 词汇、句子、段落要分配使用得当,划分要清楚,避免使用重复字句和种子片段。
Figures: 正确合理使用各类修辞格式。
Inflated diction: 不使用做作的语言。
Key: 用适当的关键词突出主题,每段都应有主题句。
Logical: 内容要符合逻辑。
Message: 信息要新鲜、确实、可信。
Omit: 合理删除多余的不必要部分。
Proposition: 主张、观点、论述要清楚肯切、合情入理。
Punctuation: 正确适时使用标点符号。
Relevant: 文章一定要要题。
Sentence pattern: 句型要尽量多样化。
Strait: 开门见山,直来直去。
Style: 文体恰切,适合内容要求。
Tense: 动词时态要正确、一致、变化合理。
Theme: 选题得当,主题突出。


Essay 由 introduction, body, conclusion, reference四部分组成,下面以这篇文章为例,教你如何写作一篇符合格式的essay
全文统一用times new roman字体,小四,1.5倍行距
Essay 是理论性较强的论文,通常情况下,一定用第3人称,禁止出现“I”,“we” “our”, “you”, “your”这些第一,二人称字样,注意语言措辞,多用些副词。为了避免使用 第一人称,某些地方可以用被动语态或其他句型代替。
内容方面:
1, 由于essay理论性较强,请用相关例子来支撑论点,避免空谈理论
2, 在叙述完了理论之后,请一定要对理论进行评论,体现编辑的critical thinking
3,请多用的数据和图表,使用数据图表时请附上reference表明出处。
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Introduction (essay的introduction只有一段,但由两部分内容组成。蓝色字体的地方是introduction的第一部分, 它相当于一个开篇,引出Essay代写这篇essay的主旨。然后从this essay will开始是introduction的第二部分,先容本文结构,不要再用the structure is like this这样的语句了,比较chinglish。先容结构请统一用将来时态)
Since the setting up of the first factories in the late eighteenth century, management had become a problem seriously affecting the factories’ production. Then, management was gradually recognised as an important element of the success or failure of a company. Until the nineteenth century, the systematic and scientific management theory came out with its leading thinkers, two of whom were well known as Frederick W. Taylor and Elton Mayo. Both Taylor and Mayo stated the importance of the productivity and cooperation between managers and workers. This essay will firstly discuss these similarities in their different management theories and how they relate to each other. Following this, it will explain the differences of the two theories concerning the consideration of the human beings during management. Finally, it will look at how the two theories affect the feeling of workers and support increasing the productivity and maximising the efficiency.
(Introduction之后body,把文章分成几大部分讨论,每一个板块写一个小标题,加粗)
Similarities and relations in management theories of Taylor and Mayo
Although Taylor and Mayo have different management theories, they both aim to make workers more productive and efficient during the management. Taylor, the founder of the movement known as ‘scientific management’, states ‘The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for the employee’ (Taylor, 1947, p.36). According to this, workers should be trained as ‘first-class’ and follow the methods of the work which managers have carefully analysed and set up. Workers are not responsible to think about the way of doing the work, and they just do what managers
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tell them to, and that makes them more productive, which is the aim of work. Taylor is much concerned about increasing the output of the production systematically and scientifically and at the meantime decreasing the cost per output. Taylor (1947) believed that by scientifically selecting them, workers would possess the physical and intellectual qualities to enable them to get work done systematically and efficiently and consequently achieve the output. Similarly, Elton Mayo also pays much attention to productivity and efficiency. Mayo (1933) introduced rest pauses as one technique and explained its importance for accomplishing work productively. The rest periods eliminate the monotony of the work, which can lead to ‘pessimistic reveries’ (p.59). Workers could re-participate into the task fast due to the relief of postural fatigue and impaired circulation during the rest pauses. Generally speaking, both Taylor and Mayo treated labor as the main sour
怎样写你的目标
              by Sandy Kreisberg
          Founder of the Cambridge Essay Service 

 

  每个申请MBA的人都要吞一块“硬骨头”——写论文(Essay),论文要求你:
(一)评价你的事业;
(二)表述的目标;
(三)说明你为什么申请这个商学院。
-Why are you seeking an MBA from the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business? What do you hope to experience and contribute? What are your plans and goals after you receive your degree (750 words maximum). 这是今年芝加哥商学院的典型问题。

  -Briefly assess your career progress to date. Elaborate on your future career plans and your motivation for pursuing a graduate degree from Kellogg (One to two double spaced pages).
这是凯洛克商学院的另一版本。

  -Please discuss the factors influencing the career decisions you have made that, in turn, have led you to your current position. Why is now an appropriate time to pursue an MBA, and what will you contribute to the class entering in the fall of 2000? What are your career goals for the future, and how will you avail yourself of the resources at the Wharton School to achieve these goals? 沃顿商学院的类似问题似乎问得更为具体。

  实际上,最难的问题是关于你的目标。申请者很容易阐述自己的事业,因为它们实际存在,但当被问到未来的目标,许多人都沉默了。目标并非没有,而是难以阐述,因为大多数人的目标是不具体的,只想追求一种更好或更有成就感的生活。而这,很难打动人心。

  无论如何,要写好你的目标,仍有很多你应该熟记于心的要点和绝对应该避免的问题。

  1. 在你过去经历的基础上构筑你的目标。

  最好在你过去经验的基础上对未来的目标加以人格化和多方面的陈述,而不是单纯说你的“希翼”。这样,你的目标是从过去发掘并积累而成的,它们有“现实”作为生长土壤,不空洞,也不生硬。

  所以不要说“My goal is to become a consultant to high-tech firms starting business in Asia”,最好的说法是“Based on my experiences working in India and Hong Kong as a programmer and business analyst, and on my project leader work at Cenco Corporation in Singapore, my long term goal is to return to this area and start a consultancy advising large technology companies how to 'do business' as an employer in these countries.”。

  而且你的目标最好是人格化的,有特色的,感人的。许多申请者要成为咨询顾问、投资银行家、股票投资商或是高科技企业的总裁。而你能够从过去的经历建立一个的目标,它们就变得既有趣又富有人情味。

  2. 把你的目标分成阶段性。

  想使你看起来很有理性,对人生深思熟虑,最好把你的目标分成阶段性:长期目标、中期目标和MBA毕业后的短期目标。分段构思使你能够真正达到长期目标,而且读来也十分可信,同样为你攻读MBA提供了合理的说明。学校能在成千上万的人中发现你就是因为它们确信你知道毕业后什么工作最适合你(他们同样想知道这种工作是否可能实现,是否其他毕业生已拥有同样的工作,你也应该在写之前看一看)。应该与学校的Career Office联系,了解最近的毕业生从业情况,你对自己未来事业的描述必须有同样的起点。



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