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美国Supplement Essay写作技巧详解

时间:2018-08-07 17:05来源:未知 编辑:quanlei_cai 点击:
留学生接触到的essay中不仅有几千字的长篇论文,还会有一些字符数较少的文章,这些短essay看似篇幅短,但要将表达的内容写清楚,也不是件容易的是。下面大家就先容美国留学生常见的短essaySupplement Essay(附加文书)。 通常,大家可以把美国大学的附加文书分为以下几类: 1. Tell us about yourself; 2. Why US; 3. Tell us more about an extracurricular; 4. Design a class/a major; 5. Tell us about your major; 6. Diversity-in-community essay; 7. Quick hits Tell us about yourself 这类Essay,基本上相当于再写一篇Common App的主文书,具体的答题思路和完成主文书一样,大家只需要把在写主文书时准备的故事再回顾
       留学生接触到的essay中不仅有几千字的长篇论文,还会有一些字符数较少的文章,这些短essay看似篇幅短,但要将表达的内容写清楚,也不是件容易的是。下面大家就先容美国留学生常见的短essay——Supplement Essay(附加文书)。
 
      通常,大家可以把美国大学的附加文书分为以下几类:
 
      1. Tell us about yourself;
      2. Why US;
      3. Tell us more about an extracurricular;
      4. Design a class/a major;
      5. Tell us about your major;
      6. Diversity-in-community essay;
      7. Quick hits
 
      Tell us about yourself
 
      这类Essay,基本上相当于再写一篇Common App的主文书,具体的答题思路和完成主文书一样,大家只需要把在写主文书时准备的故事再回顾下创作即可,具体的思路可以参考上一篇文章。
 
      题目示例:
      Harvard University: You may wish to include an additional essay if you feel that the college application forms do not provide sufficient opportunity to convey important information about yourself or your accomplishments. You may write on a topic of your choice, or you may choose from one of the following topics:
 
      - Unusual circumstances in your life
      - Travel, living, or working experiences in your own or other communities
      - What you would want your future college roommate to know about you
      ……
 
      The ‘why us’ essay
 
      有些学校会要求你说明为什么想去X大学。
 
      题目示例:
      Northwestern University: Other parts of your application give us a sense for how you might contribute to Northwestern. But we also want to consider how Northwestern will contribute to your interests and goals. In 300 words or less, help us understand what aspects of Northwestern appeal most to you, and how you'll make use of specific resources and opportunities here.
 
      Davidson College: Why Davidson? (250-300 Suggested Word Limit)
 
      Dartmouth College: 100 words or less: While arguing a Dartmouth-related case before the U.S. Supreme Court in 1818, Daniel Webster, Class of 1801, uttered this memorable line: ''It is, Sir…a small college. And yet, there are those who love it!'' As you seek admission to the Class of 2023, what aspects of the College’s program, community, or campus environment attract your interest?
 
      ‘Why us’ essay的写作策略
 
      A. Work backward. Think about what your big dream is—what or who you hope to become—and identify a few specific things about each college you’re applying to, asking yourself how each one of those is going to help you get there.
 
      B. Have a ‘mini-thesis’ for each school rather than having a general list of qualities the school meets for you.
 
      C. Go beyond the website, and be specific. Don’t restate the “About Barnard” section of the Barnard brochure to the admissions committee—they already know why they offer you a great opportunity. Talk about your experiences with the college you’re applying to—did you visit and hear something from a tour guide, admissions officer, student, or professor? If you couldn’t visit, did you do some online research that got you in touch with some of the Big Themes a tour guide or info session would hit? Is there a particular class you’ve heard of that’s legendary on campus? A tradition at the school? An alumna/alumnus of the college whose work has inspired you?
 
      这里给大家看一篇范文,是一位学生写的Why Yale的文章。
 
      题目:What is it about Yale that has led you to apply? (125 words or less).
 
      I hope to study history or English, and Yale's departments in both are some of the best in the world. I am drawn to the interdisciplinary humanities offerings, including the Directed Studies program and the Humanities major. A writer, I also hope to work on the Yale Daily News or the Globalist. But it isn't just the caliber of academics that draws me to Yale. It's also the sense that the campus itself is comprised of history and knowledge. From Sterling Memorial Library, literally constructed as a cathedral to knowledge, to the buildings the architects poured acid on to make them look older, I felt a sense of almost ancient respect for intellect when I visited.
 
      这篇文章写的很棒,学生很好的把自己的学术兴趣与耶鲁联系在一起,并且举了具体的事例。学生自己的个人计划与耶鲁的精神也很好的结合在一起,这会让招生官觉得这位同学与耶鲁非常契合。
why essay写作
Tell us more about an extracurricular
 
      有些大学要求申请人选一个在CA网申中填过的活动列表上的一个活动进行详细说明。
 
      题目示例:
      Please briefly elaborate on one of your extracurricular activities or work experiences that was particularly meaningful to you. (About 150 words)
 
      写作策略:
      A. Choose an activity that means something to you, or that could benefit from being livened up by your prose. 选最有意义的一个活动,可以对其他申请材料起到很好补充的活动进行描述。这里提醒大家,这个活动Essay不是要总结你的活动有多利害,或是得过什么奖,这些你的简历或者推荐信都已经可以说明了。这个Essay的目的是要告诉招生官他们无法在其他申请材料中可以了解到的信息。
 
      B. Don’t write about the same thing you’ve written your Common App Essay on! 不要与主文书中提到的活动重复。
 
      范文:
      I spend several Saturdays a semester in front of a room full of people, acting out a story. It is one of the greatest adrenaline rushes I can think of. My role: I am an attorney, for a few hours. My motivation: simple. To win the case. I’m not in the drama club. I’ve never been on a proper stage. I almost threw up as an eighth-grader at theater camp when I had to improvise a scene . And yet, I thrive as a member of the mock trial team. That’s because when my job is to make sense of a series of arguments, to cross-examine my way to the heart of the trial, and to articulate a clear and powerful closing statement, I am inhabiting my best self. I am Atticus Finch and Clarence Darrow, and, most importantly, me.
Supplement Essay写作
Design a class/a major
 
      一些大学,特别是比较重视文理通识教育的学校会要求申请人自己设计一个课程或是专业,甚至是重新构想整个院系。比如芝加哥去年的一个题目:
 
      The University of Chicago: Due to a series of clerical errors, there is exactly one typo (an extra letter, a removed letter, or an altered letter) in the name of every department at the University of Chicago. Oops! Describe your new intended major. Why are you interested in it and what courses or areas of focus within it might you want to explore? Potential options include Commuter Science, Bromance Languages and Literatures, Pundamentals: Issues and Texts, Ant History... a full list of unmodified majors ready for your editor’s eye is available here:collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/majors - Inspired by Josh Kaufman, Class of 2018
 
      今年有一位被芝加哥大学录取的学生设计的课程是Go-ciology,把自己的兴趣爱好围棋Go与学术兴趣社会学Sociology联系了起来,充满了想象力!这位同学笔下,Go-ciology是一门探索围棋生活的本质、结构以及能动性的,基于社会学而建立的学科,能够启迪人类智慧和思考。真的是很有创意的想法!
 
      其他类似的题目:
      Boston College: Boston College strives to provide an undergraduate learning experience emphasizing the liberal arts, quality teaching, personal formation, and engagement of critical issues. If you had the opportunity to create your own college course, what enduring question or contemporary problem would you address and why? (400 words limit)
 
      写作策略:
      这类题目写作的时候应该是用一种比较有创造力的方式,而且最好能充满乐趣和有意思的事情。大学是一个让你有机会获得广泛而多样化教育的地方,你将有机会在你的好奇心受到重视的地方学习。是不是听起来都很兴奋?


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