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英国政治课程论文-The British model, jiangnan road and capitalist spr

时间:2012-02-24 09:45来源:英国作业网 编辑:英国政治课程论文 点击:
英国政治课程论文-The British model, jiangnan road and capitalist sprout _ political treatises -the past world nearly modern history research of Western Europe have always believed development road is universally true universal significance. Th

代写英国作业The British model, jiangnan road and capitalist sprout _ political treatises

Abstract: the past world nearly modern history research of Western Europe have always believed development road is universally true universal significance. The so-called Western Europe in fact the 代写英国政治论文main road is the pattern, its core is the industrial revolution reflect economic changes. But in recent years, European economic history studies the latest achievements of proof, the British model has its particularity, even in Europe, not of general significance. China's capitalist sprout theory is established based on the mode in Britain. In the British model and China through the comparison of the Ming and qing dynasties jiangnan mode can be found, if not the invasion of western countries, jiangnan almost not possible British modern industrial revolution. The capitalist sprout theory research in trouble, is actually applying the British model results.

 

Before the 90 s, the capitalist sprout problem has been the hotspot and focus of ShiTan research, has a number of national discussion upsurge [note: discuss the main results form the 1957, 1960, 1981, and in 1983 published four of the capitalist sprout stages.sae.] . However, in the 90 s, the educational research of the capitalist germination of enthusiasm gradually decreases, innovative, aggressive works more and more rare, past the pomp of the national debate more has become the pages of history.

 

The reason cause the cooling is complex, lies in both embryonic research of capitalism internal reasons, but also have occurred in capitalist sprout research outside of the reason. From internal reasons for, the capitalist sprout research whole theory structure in the 80 s has been completely finalize the design [note: this to finalize the design, to FuYiLing, Mr. WuChengMing published in the 80 s a series of theory works for representative.] , see again after development; At the same time in the excavations of the historical materials also did not appear breakthrough. So in a sense, the study has reached its vertex. From external reason for, in recent 10 years, scholars in our country for social form and the historical view of the law have had a big change [note: the latest statement about this change, visible in the historical research, 2000 (2 in the journal the social form and history took recognition rules, "and" the Chinese social form and related theory problem review conference. "] . Previous capitalist sprout institute depends on theoretical basis-five mode of production theory, is now needs to be explored. And only first hammered out these problems, the capitalist sprout research just also is likely to continue. Because the two reasons, the capitalist sprout study appeared cooling is inevitable. However, as I in another article mentioned, China capitalism is economic history in our country bud of the important part of the development of the history of modern China played a very important role [note: LiBoChong: the capitalist sprout research and contemporary Chinese history ", "the historical research, 2000 (2).] . The importance of this special, that we can't see it thus gradually "out" ShiTan and indifferent. Even with the capitalist sprout a negative view of the scholars, and should make this seriously analysis, then, its negative statement of the reason, but can't hold a disdain to talk about attitude.

 

Of the capitalist sprout said to carry on the analysis, the most is the established on which the theoretical basis for analysis. The theoretical basis, constitute the key, is the British model in the world history and the universality of the problem. This article is for this object is discussed in this paper. At the same time, because of the Ming and qing dynasties of social and economic development of our country in the south of the bud of capitalism has special status, and therefore, we will also mainly in jiangnan as the center of the relevant issues are discussed.

 

A British pattern: importance, universality and particularity


In the past the modern world history study, the development of Western Europe has always been that way is universally true universal significance, but this is recognized as one of the universal significance in recent years has been more and more questions and criticism. So to this path and its broad questions do a brief analysis is very necessary.

 

(a) the British model and its importance


We say normally "Western Europe road", in fact the main basis of British in experience. So the British experience with the basis of modernization mode, also known as the British model. This model shows the traditional economy to the success of the modern economy transformation, and this transformation is also usually say of "industrial revolution" or "industrial revolution". So the core of the British model, also is the industrial revolution that embodies the economic changes.

 

The British industrial revolution actually including what content? Why can happen? In the past two hundred years, has been the world economic history studies in the most important topic. Scholars have made all kinds of explanation, thus formed many different versions of "industrial revolution" said. These version with the progress of the British economic history studies have been fixed, so people to "industrial revolution" always in the views of the constant change. At present more acceptable for scholars is dean (PhilisDean) and northrop (DouglasNorth) point of view. Dean said: "the industrial revolution, the word is usually used to refer to the complex economic change, contained in these changes by low productivity, economic growth stalled, traditional, pre-industrial economy to the per capita output and living standards improve economic remain relatively, the growth of the modern industrialization process of change." He went on to point out: "this change the nature, can through a series of related to change that: (1) economic organizations to change, (2) technology to change, (3) industrial structure change. These changes and (since reason is the result of) population, and the per capita output yield (if not immediately, but will eventually realize) sustained growth that there is a link." [note: carlo, Paula. The European economic history of census 4 volumes "industrial society, rise of the chapter 3 the British industrial revolution," (dean authored), Taylor, the commercial press, 1989, pp. 131.] North, then say: industrial revolution from organizational Change and technological changes, which is a "organizational Change and technical progress of the interaction process" [note: DouglasNorth, Structure and Change in EconomicHistory, W. W. Norton & Company (NewYork), 1981, pp. 158-159.] . In short, the industrial revolution modern industrialization of the actual beginning, is the traditional agricultural society to a modern industrial society the turning point of the transition. Successfully reflect this turning point experience mode, is the British model.

 

The British model in the world in economic history studies which has special meaning, there are two main reasons why.

 

First of all, because in all countries of the world (or area), only the UK is "spontaneous" from traditional agricultural society transition to modern industrial society case only. Although any countries (or area) the modern industrialization are inseparable from certain external influence, but instead of any other country (or area) is concerned, it is only the British industrial revolution is mainly in the "on their own economic cycle" (Daniel Defoe language) based on the happened, and with a sort of "independence" color [note: [date] the river into the xiao nan: the British industrial revolution, "Taylor, closed at WenBian culture, the west is a collection of economic history of bank of Taiwan in 1984, blackwell.] . While other countries (or area) the modern industrialization, the more or less by forerunner to the influence of the (especially England), or even follow Britain in the industrial revolution France, Germany and other countries is no exception [note: the industrial revolution happened in the special conditions of the French economy, historians Claude f Aaron said: "France isn't this a revolution in the primary, according to a generally occurred in Western Europe, in the process of industrial revolution is largely by Britain and British imitate to input the results." the German economic historian gram, Harriet bo check's said: "the British economic development of the economic development of Germany have had a profound impact." former lead, Paula. The European economic history of census 4 volumes chapter 1 "1700-1914 French industrial revolution," (f Aaron authored) and chapter 2 "1700-1914 German industrial revolution," (Po check, authored), 2, 66.] . As for the more late appear the industrial revolution country (or area), its modern industrialization by the influence of the pioneer is more great and obvious. As Britain in the world economic in this special position, the research of the modern industrialization of experience to produce and successful history, of course, has the incomparable significance.

 

Second, British from traditional agricultural society to a modern industrial society change of the success experience, and Marx reproduction theory reveals the universal law of are in agreement. According to the law, the development of the social productive forces is the expansion of social reproduction. Although reproduction exist in all of social production, but in modern industrialization before, social reproduction is mainly simple reproduction. Only in the modern industrialization era, expand production to become the main features of the social reproduction. So the economy by industrialization before to modern industrialization economy that is, in effect, give priority to with simple reproduction of social reproduction to give priority to expand production of the change of social reproduction. And this change, also is the industrial revolution.



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