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物流在企业发展中的地位和作用:Status and role of SCM in the development of(4)

时间:2014-05-01 09:00来源:www.ukassignment.org 编辑:yangcheng 点击:
Information . Modern logistics and traditional logistics The most obvious difference is that modern logistics full use of information technology. Logistics and information technology commercialization

 
Information . Modern logistics and traditional logistics The most obvious difference is that modern logistics full use of information technology. Logistics and information technology commercialization performance of logistics information and logistics information collected and coded database of logistics information processing electronic and computerized logistics standardization and real-time information delivery , logistics and other digital information storage . Therefore , barcode technology (Bar code), database technologies (Database), electronic ordering system (EOS: Electronic Ordering System), Electronic Data Interchange (Electronic Data Interchange, EDI), quick response (Quick Response, QR) and efficient customer response (Effective Customer Response, ECR), enterprise resource planning (Enterprise Resource planning, ERP), real-time information systems, global satellite navigation and positioning system (GPS), information technology, the Internet and other technology will be widely used in modern logistics system.
 
Service-oriented . Modern logistics more attention than the traditional logistics services to customers and to meet customer demand as the goal from industrial level point of view, modern logistics in both industrial characteristics , but also because of its service -oriented features become an important part of the tertiary industry . Logistics industry to profit from the excavation , said the process is essentially the profit transfer of logistics costs , specifically the cost of logistics enterprises so that the logistics of manufacturing enterprises through quality logistics services save a lot of manufacturing companies to increase actual profits , and contractual relations services also determines the value of the logistics industry obtained its investment in logistics services for services rendered .
 
Internationalization. Traditional logistics is developed at a lower level of productivity , the companies more in the local area to find raw materials , capital and labor for production , regional, international I, nJ economic and trade exchange based mostly finished . However, with increased levels of productivity and economic globalization , regional economic integration enhancements , to meet multinational companies looking for sources of raw materials, components , capital and labor in the world, select the appropriate distribution centers and distribution warehouses worldwide market necessarily need to build efficient, safe and reliable logistics service network, thus modern logistics with international characteristics.
In developed countries, the development of modern logistics very quickly. Forefront of the United States and Japan have been walking in the area of ??logistics development of modern logistics late start in Europe , but recent government departments and enterprises under the attention has also been a great development .
 
U.S. economic model has the information and communication in the field of new technologies into the flexibility of organic societies , so be the first to achieve a high degree of integration of information technology and logistics in the world . U.S. production and circulation rate is very high , which makes corporate profits and investment income can continue to increase, thereby inducing new investments in research and development , this investment further improve labor productivity, a virtuous circle. U.S. experts Litan was calculated in 2001 in the field of logistics information revolution brought the U.S. economy to reduce transaction and transportation costs, reduce inventory and other aspects of the management of savings , such as in manufacturing , the cost is reduced to 1% to 2% . With a considerable degree of information through France China vigorously develop modern logistics application software technology , the pursuit of a high starting point of the level of information technology , has achieved remarkable results. France KN company in the world 98 countries , 600 cities in the logistics business . In the absence of their own ships, cars and aircraft , the company designed and developed by the entire logistics information systems, logistics and resources around the world to integrate air operations done it the world's fifth weekly traffic 19000 times its shipping business is the highest in the world .
 
Economic historian Angus Maddison past 1000 by the World Economic analysis indicates that : 500 years to develop the vast majority of the results of the global economy by reducing communication and transportation costs associated with economic liberalization and declining transportation and communication costs will continue promote economic integration. From this point , the integration of modern information technology, logistics and transportation will continue to have a positive and profound impact on the world economy running .
Under the dual promote economic globalization and e-commerce , the logistics industry is rapidly becoming an inevitable trend in the current transformation and the development of the logistics industry from the traditional to the modern logistics logistics . Under the guidance systems engineering thought, with information technology as the core , and strengthen the integration of resources and logistics to optimize the whole process is the most essential characteristic of modern logistics. Internationally, the systematic application of information technology integration and standardization of two key technology integration and optimization of logistics has played a revolutionary impact , network planning and optimization theory and methods , automation, intelligent application of key technologies and new packaging application of scientific and technological advances in materials and technology, modern logistics also play a significant role in promoting and greatly reduce logistics costs , and support new technology platform next innovation.
 
In the major logistics service providers committed to pursuing leading-edge technology competition, the development of modern logistics technology generally presents four main directions, namely logistics technology and equipment automation , logistics management, information technology , logistics, intelligence and operational processes multiple technologies and integrated hardware and software platform . In contrast, the current information technology of modern logistics, the rapid development of integration , which is more popular in the transverse field . In a longitudinal field, the development of modern logistics information integration and intelligent direction .

5,Conclusion结论

Practice in developed countries has proved that the system can not be formed if the logistics or logistics organizations scattered layout , small scale , to the overall development of the logistics industry and improve its operational efficiency is difficult to do. Therefore, in the formulation of logistics development strategy first issue to consider is the establishment of the logistics network. Specifically, that the government should mobilize all positive factors of the logistics industry , to promote horizontal cooperation among enterprises , establish and improve our logistics network, logistics formation system. At present , the Chinese government on the overall planning of logistics is not ideal , there is a link between some of the various logistics unreasonable, resulting in poor overall efficiency of China's logistics industry . To improve the overall competitiveness of China's logistics industry, the government should make the development of the logistics industry in recent planning , medium-term planning and long-term strategic planning as early as possible . The limited funds to be solved where each department to change the current China's logistics industry uncoordinated duplication of the status quo. In addition to the overall national plan , but also help local governments with industrial characteristics and regional economic development plan , the development of logistics industry development planning.
 
Sound infrastructure is the material foundation of modern logistics development indispensable , modern logistics and transportation systems needed to support information exchange and other public systems. However, because these large infrastructure investments , long payback period , individual enterprises can not afford the investment costs of the construction of these facilities can only be funded by the government. After the completion of the implementation of specialized operations , including to private business . Our investment in logistics facilities currently affected by " heavy manufacturing, light circulation" of thought, the state finance for infrastructure investment in construction materials distribution industry is obviously insufficient , the result is seriously hampered the development of China's logistics industry. Our level of systematic transport network now is not high , the layout is uneven, leading to the development of the logistics industry in the region is not balanced . Followed by the infrastructure of e-commerce are clearly insufficient , network hardware facilities underdevelopment, low network speeds. It also restricted the development of China's logistics industry. Therefore, the government should play the role of the role of investors , increase traffic , information and other infrastructure investment, while taking advantage of the credit means to encourage and guide enterprises or individuals to participate in the conditional infrastructure in the past.
 
After China's accession to WTO, the government should foster a number of advantages of logistics enterprises , especially in third-party logistics companies to cope with the fierce competition in the international logistics market , which is the important content in social, professional , modern logistics service system . Government can take many forms, foster a number of prominent main business , strong core competitiveness of the logistics company as soon as possible . On this basis , to enterprises as the mainstay , as a link to the capital , efforts to foster a number of international competitiveness of modern logistics enterprises or enterprise groups. Government nurturing and development of modern logistics enterprises should follow the objective economic laws , the use of market mechanisms to nurture , must not engage in " matchmaker " intervention of independent decisions.


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